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Taking Action: Creating Model Emergency Management Plans for Schools, Institutions of Higher Education and Houses of Worship »

EOP Development for Schools

I'm spearheading a project to revise & update our EOP from a boiler-plate model to a NIMS/ICS based All-Hazards model. I found a NIMS based EOP for Schools that is a "training model" produced by FEMA. I used that as a template & are in the process of adjusting it to our District. Overall it looks pretty good, but a number of changes were needed. Within a month or two our school board is expected to vote & approve the basic organizational structure of the EOP. Afterwards the main "operations" section of the EOP will be completed. Our basic idea is to have a "district level" section that contains information & procedures that are common to all schools. A section section is a "building level" manual that contains all information & procedures that are unique to each specific school & facility. As much as possible everything will be in NIMS/ICS format & terms. As much as possible the district & building level sections will be organized the same, so if section "A" contains contact information in the district level section it will also be in the same section in building level section too. Plans for all hazards will be included, as well as a generic all-purpose plan to cover anything not otherwise detailed. An section for special needs students & staff will cover all of their unique requirements. There are plenty of diagrams, floor plans & maps throughout, each detailing important locations of equipment, routes, &locations where staff are positioned for various emergencies or needs (with 4 staff members I can visually monitor every hallway in a 3 story school. Lots more included.

Submitted by No1GregStough 1 year ago

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Comments (4)

  1. This is all well and good. However, you specified 'DISTRICT' and it is assumed we are addressing more than one site (school) or property. Accoringly, it is suggested that one plan (EOP) may not be appropriate for all based upon a seperate Threat and Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment of each property. There may be differences in treat magnitudes

    for the same threats and may be unidenticle hazards and threats from property to property (schools) based upon the types of buildings at each location. Material and qualified personnel resource supply and allocation must also be taken into consideration for each school property. Does A section section is a "building level" manual that contains all information & procedures that are unique to each specific school & facility answer;

    Does your community’s plan include a promulgation document signed by the CEO?, What organizations are signatories to the plan?, What threats or hazards are addressed by the plan?, Who has the authority to activate part or all of the plan?, With what jurisdictions does your community have mutual aid agreements or assistance agreements?, When was the last time that the plan was revised?, Which section of the EOP includes information about hazards?, Which section of the EOP lists organizations and their responsibilities in emergency response ?,Which section of the EOP specifies the sequence of actions before, during, and after an event?, Does the Administration and Logistics section addresses resource needs and availability ?, Does The plan specifies use of the Incident Command organization and structure at incident sites ?, Does the plan (EOP) indicate and does each school within the 'DISTRICT'; Use NIMS to manage all incidents, including recurring and/or planned

    special events, Integrate all response agencies and entities into a single, seamless system, from the Incident Command Post, through department Emergency Operations Centers (DEOCs) and local Emergency Operations Centers (EOCs), through the State EOC to the regional- and national-level entities,Develop and implement a public information system (IPAWS), Identify and type all resources according to established standards, Ensure that all personnel are trained properly for the job(s) they perform, and Ensure communications interoperability and redundancy ? Does this plan address the five mission areas: Prevention, Protection, Mitigation, Response, and Recovery ? Four staff members just monitoring does not appear to address qualified NIMS/ICS personnel taking position specific action under 'UNITY OF COMMAND' and 'SPAN OF CONTROL' to accomplish necessary and required response action to accomplish mission objectives. Paper, information, and maps are addressed in the posting above but what is not apparent, from the posting, is the inclusion of a Training & Exercise Plan (TEP) nor NIMS PERSONNEL RESOURCE TYPING.

    1 year ago
    1. The reply from the person is accurate, but yet, much more complicated than what is necessary, and - actually makes matters worse. The person who posted the original response is more accurate and on the right path.

      When it comes to Em Prep for School's - more simplified will allow more comprehensiveness. I have over 15 years of School District Emergance Preparedness experience - experience, education, and training direct from the people who orginated ICS in Schools - SEMS in California, which is where NIMS came from. The main difference between SEMS and NIMS is that SEMS was more comprehensive for schools.

      For more information go to a web site - fennell risk consulting, inc or www.fennellrisk.com.

      FULL comprehensiveness can be easy - if who know what to include and what to AVOID.

      1 year ago
  2. Thank you. I use FEMA publications and websites. Have over 15 years of School District Emergance Preparedness experience - experience, education, and training direct from the people who orginated ICS in Schools - SEMS in California, which is where NIMS came from ? Congratulations, California Standardized Emergency Management System (SEMS) /National Incident Management

    System (NIMS) Integrated as of February 21, 2007. The Five-Year NIMS Training Plan is superseded by the NIMS Training Program. The categories for each level of training have been simplified from those that were in the Five-Year NIMS Training Plan. Training recommendations are now based upon the level of an incident’s complexity (Complexity Guide found on pages 16-17 of the NIMS Training Program) that a person may become involved in, from Type 1 to Type 5. Organizations should consider the complexity of incidents that their jurisdictions are most likely to face and tailor the NIMS training for their personnel to meet those needs. You might like to check-out FY2012 EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT PERFORMANCE GRANTS (EMPG) PROGRAM

    FUNDING OPPORTUNITY ANNOUNCEMENT (FOA) and see the direction things are headed with training and exercise activities (HSEEP). The NIC develops and regularly reviews the courses that are considered part of the NIMS core curriculum according to professionally-recognized instructional standards that include adherence to established adult learning models. The NIC collaborates with course managers to define instructor qualifications and the number of required instructors per course. However, this does not prevent any stakeholder from prescribing stricter instructor qualifications. To assist in course instruction, FEMA publishes subject matter guidelines and instruction requirements for specific courses.

    Course instructors have a responsibility to deliver course materials and activities according to the minimum standards identified in the NIMS curriculum instructor guides and/or course summaries. The 'BIG-HITTERS' these days are 1) Objective One: Approved Emergency Plans, 2) Objective Two: Completion of Threat and Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment (THIRA), 3)Objective Three: Develop and Maintain Multi-Year TEPs 4) Objective Four: Target Training and Verify Capability of Personnel. Are we on the same page for the 'PLANNING' topic inspite of our history in the last 15 years ?

    1 year ago
  3. Just something that came to mind, the idea that that the school district creates its own CERT, out of staff, parents and students so as to have a structure under the professional responders.

    1 year ago