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Incentivize Preparing for Disasters

Many people have a hard time getting around to preparing for disasters for several reasons: They think it probably won't happen, they figure they can just McGyver there way through it, or thinking about it makes them too uncomfortable.

We want to explore ways to get people to overcome their procrastination. For example, Anita and I sell disaster kits, and for every person you protect in your home, a child in a US public school is protected as well. This motivates parents to get their child protected at home and school. But this is only the beginning.

Helping people overcome their objections to getting a kit is the first step in getting them prepared. What do you think will help motivate people?

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Submitted by andrew 10 months ago

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Comments (27)

  1. What do you think will help motivate people? People are essentially motivated by self interest and the associated self-protection of such. If a home or a business has electrical appliances plugged in that are not UL-APPROVED and the building is destroyed from an electrical fire the insurance company won't be obligated to pay. Why should it be any different with FEMA? Failure to prepare should result in no IA benefits. Reducing hazards in and around their homes. By taking simple actions, such as raising utilities above flood level or taking in unanchored objects during high winds, people can reduce the amount of damage caused by an incident. Preparing an emergency supply kit and household emergency plan. By developing a household emergency plan and assembling disaster supplies in advance of an event, people can take care of themselves until assistance arrives. This includes supplies for household pets and service animals. See the recommended disaster supplies list at http://www.ready.gov. • Monitoring emergency communications carefully. Throughout an emergency, critical information and direction will be released to the public via various media. By carefully following the directions provided, residents can reduce their risk of injury, keep emergency routes open to response personnel, and reduce demands on landline and cellular communication. Volunteering with an established organization. Organizations and agencies with a role in response and recovery are always seeking hardworking, dedicated volunteers. By volunteering with an established voluntary agency, individuals and households become part of the emergency management system and ensure that their efforts are directed where they are needed most. Enrolling in emergency response training courses. Emergency response training, whether basic first aid through the American Red Cross or a more complex course through a local college, will enable residents to take initial response actions required to take care of themselves and their households, thus allowing first responders to focus on higher priority tasks that affect the entire community. Citizen Corps brings together local leaders from government and civic leaders from NGOs and the private sector to prepare for and respond to incidents. Citizen Corps Councils are typically sponsored by elected or appointed officials and/or emergency managers. These Councils provide leadership and support for programs that educate, train, and engage community volunteers to support emergency management and responders.

    10 months ago
  2. andrew Idea Submitter

    @mjcyranwd6alm True people are motivated by self-interest, that is why we believe levering the emotions associated with philanthropy will be a strong motivator.

    Individuals want to be seen as leaders and protectors in their community, especially when children are involved. Giving people an opportunity to protect their family, which makes them seems level-head and forward thinking, and protecting their communities school, which makes them appear philanthropic and caring, is a great motivation for people who otherwise might not be bothered to prepare for a disaster in any way.

    10 months ago
  3. People also procrastinate because the Emergency Prep is very overwhelming, seems complicated and not family focused. The approach needs to be more aware of Moms, Women and Families. . this will increase the response and activity level. We had over a 70% response from our church community with our first Prep2Bless event. The leadership was shocked and realised that we were doing something that everyone was concerned about.

    We decided to train our church community and then expanded to include the city of Grand Prairie, TX with Prep2Bless. I created a simple five step process with stories that even the kids understood. . and by giving everyone one a clear approach that they could start in 15 min blocks. . it worked. We then followed group meeting with workshops - many of which were standing room only. We had the same result when we did the same project in another church. . people will be motivated to take action but part of the success is presenting it in a way that is easy for them to learn complex information.

    10 months ago
  4. In my experience, the best way to get people prepared even a little bit is to put them through it, without really putting them through it. It's a community effort. My dream is to someday have the community fake a disaster. Where it is announced that on this day at this time we will sound the alarms and everyone is to grab your 72 hour kits and go to where you would go in a disaster. Have them live a day with their 72 hour kits. (can they carry them, can they live off of them for a day and so on) not that they need to actually use the stuff in them, but that with everything they do for the day, they check in their kits to see if they could make it through the basics of the day, or are they missing stuff. Set up tents in one big area. Put up markers to indicate what the tents are for. If the tent says triage, then when you go to that tent you get explained to you what happens during an emergency in that tent, and you learn some basic triage yourself. If it says communications, then you learn about the different types of communication and why each is vital in an emergency. And so on. Pass out vests to searchers, emt's, the IC, communications, fire etc. Do you have some way to identify those who can help? Have the search teams knock on every door (every door that is safe) just explain to the people inside that they are part of the search team that would be coming around if there were a disaster. hand those people that stayed home information about the community plan and how to be prepared for a disaster. Anyway, I'll quit rambling on. I hope you get the point.

    10 months ago
  5. Mjcy - I agree. We have parts (disaster kids, first aide kits and the internet) - we do not have action, preperation.

    My public library has more free courses on how to ue Excell or a job resume than emergency prep. (cring) I should put one together as all emergencies are local. A blackout in New York does not seem as bad as my power outage.

    Perhaps this would shame my Emergency managers into doing something more. Its not just them being prepared, its us, the city, that needs to be prepread.

    10 months ago
  6. The Threat and Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment (THIRA) guide provides a comprehensive approach for identifying and assessing risks and associated impacts. It expands on existing local, tribal, territorial, and state Hazard Identification and Risk Assessments (HIRAs) and other risk methodologies by broadening the factors considered in the process, incorporating the whole community throughout the entire process, and by accounting for important community-specific factors. Every community has an obligation to understand the risks it faces. Knowledge of these risks allows a community to make informed decisions about how to manage risk and develop needed capabilities. All levels of government and the whole community should present and assess risk in a similar manner to provide a common understanding of the threats and hazards confronting our Nation. The Protection capabilities are achieved through specific mission activities. These include, but are not limited to, critical infrastructure protection, cybersecurity, border security, immigration security, protection of key leadership and events, maritime security, transportation security, defense of agriculture and food, defense against WMD threats, and health security. Given the draining impact of disasters and catastrophic incidents on the Nation, Mitigation stands as a critical linchpin to reduce or eliminate the long-term risks to life, property, and well-being. Without a change in our long-term planning, the Nation’s risks and associated consequences will continue to escalate. Spanning across community planning, critical infrastructure, public health, and future land use, Mitigation requires an understanding of the threats and hazards that, in turn, feed into the assessment of risk and disaster resilience in the community. The whole community, therefore, has a role in risk reduction, by recognizing, understanding, communicating, and planning for a community’s future resilience. A capability is provided with proper planning, organization, training, equipment, and exercises. The capability elements define the resources needed to perform the critical tasks to the specified levels of performance, with the recognition that there is rarely a single combination of capability elements that must be used to achieve a capability. Performance activities and tasks are the actions taken to prevent, protect against, respond to, or recover from an actual event or are demonstrated during an exercise. Performance measures are quantitative or qualitative levels against which achievement of a task or capability outcome can be assessed. They describe how much, how well, or how quickly an action should be performed and are typically expressed in ways that can be observed during an exercise or real event. Consistent conduct and application of THIRAs provides an important tool for integrating whole community contributions toward achieving the Goal, and to educate individuals, families, businesses, organizations, community leaders, and senior officials on the risks they face and on their roles in and contributions to prevention, protection, mitigation, response, and recovery. NIMS defines the preparedness cycle as “planning, training, equipping, exercising, evaluating, and taking action to correct and mitigate.” Exercises play an important role in this broad preparedness cycle. Plans, training, and equipment, and the capabilities they represent, are validated through exercises. Mitigation, preparedness, prevention, and protection are the key elements to Resilience. The ability to adapt to changing conditions and withstand and rapidly recover from disruption due to emergencies. Recognition that government at all levels cannot manage disasters alone means that communities need the opportunity to draw on their full potential to operate effectively. Empowering local action requires allowing members of the communities to lead—not follow—in identifying priorities, organizing support, implementing programs, and evaluating outcomes. The emergency manager promotes and coordinates, but does not direct, these conversations and efforts. Lasting impacts of long-term capacity building can be evident in an evolving set of civic practices and habits among leaders and the public that become embedded in the life of the community. In this regard, the issue of social capital becomes an important part of encouraging communities to own and lead their own resilience activities. Furthermore, community ownership of projects provides a powerful incentive for sustaining action and involvement.

    10 months ago
  7. Um...what if we appeal to their wallets? Offer a federal course on emergency preparation in as many locations as possible, have part of the course include creating your own disaster kit, and have everyone who takes the course get a tax credit? (Not just to cover the cost of the course, which should be free, but in addition?)

    10 months ago
    1. Why not have more CERT classes that teach them how to help their neighbors and this will help on both aspects. The more people that have some knowledge and get them interested , the more the word will spread. This is true in rural areas because we are usually forgotten or very low on the list to get help.

      10 months ago
  8. Let us forget about the wallet and tax credit and focus on their self-interest and inclination for self-preservation and maintance of life-style. 72-Hour disaster kits are a band-aid remedy vs. storage of disaster supplies. Every individual has different needs and requirements as well those are also altered by the hazards and associated risks within their areas which are not the same for all areas. That criteria will determine how to develop a disaster supply inventory that may accomodate them for longer than a 72 hour period. More than one course is required also to develop community-wide protection, prevention, and mitigation applications.

    10 months ago
  9. As for selling the disaster kits in my opinion a good time is right after a disaster,say if these Colorado floods worsen and People without the basics are stuck in their second story levels.

    Again in my opinion after any such disaster is time to push the be prepared agenda by taking the don't procrastinate again out of the sales agenda.

    When I first got into the sales side of it (and trying to pivot back to) used the same type of sales pitch for drought chasing though went to the survival of the environment and not the otherwise of this volunteer work.

    10 months ago
  10. Effective emergency management and incident response activities begin with a host of preparedness activities conducted on an ongoing basis, in advance of any potential incident. Preparedness involves an integrated combination of assessment; planning; procedures and protocols; training and exercises; personnel qualifications, licensure, and certification; equipment certification; and evaluation and revision.Preparedness needs to start well before the incident event. The problem with the prefab kit is it is not designed to the needs based on events common to the area nor the individual. Additionally, 72-hour kits are only a band-aid remedy and the individual may be effected with a condition that lasts greater than 72-hours.loguewm has the best idea. CERT should be offered to a greater extent and community members should build on that training to increase community capabilities.

    10 months ago
  11. I think for anyone understanding HUD (we here at this facility gets a pamphlet of that in our yearly lease/rental paperwork) but anyway for anyone understanding HUD desires in facilities for low income elderly retired,the disabled and handicapped to have some sort of facilitation between the dwellings' Owners and its Residents should merge the CERT program right into their i.e. RAB program (one of the choices of an Residential governing body that too to become active in is volunteer anyway) that would mean there would always (noting always) be an active CERT at each site as long as there was always an active i.e. RAB. The same incorporation of CERT could be done nationwide as well for non-HUD apartment complexes that too on an volunteer basis have i.e. Tenant Associations.

    The same would be an win-win because CERT per se (at all points in chain-of-command)would never have to ever again have to recruit for CERT at such sites because it will have been part of the program as Residents come and go but the examples of RAB and Tenant Associations as they remain active will be filled with new Residents.

    Didn't mean to mingle the two ideas supposing if HUD got on board with it the non-HUD places would eventually follow suit but again you'd have to understand HUDS desire for some sort of facilitation between the dwellings' Owner and Residents to see any "wiggle room" for that to work for CERT

    10 months ago
    1. Only problem is funding the CERT program has obviously been sliced and diced. To me, this program should be funded a lot better then it is since it reaches the people that need it the most.

      8 months ago
  12. Tenant Associations/Home Owner Associations (HOAs) are bad news for emergency management communications with imposition of C.C. &R.s, title covenants, and rental restrictions. everittron current and prior comments to increased organization of community CERT-TEAMS must be encouraged and implemented throughout the nation. CERT organization and coordination must remain with jurisdictional CITIZEN CORPS COUNCELS rather than Tenant Associations/Home Owner Associations (HOAs).

    COOP (Continuity of Operations Planning) is a required for every federal entity pursuant to National Security Presidential Directive (NSPD)-51/Homeland Security Presidential Directive (HSPD)-20, National Continuity Policy, but the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) has yet to address C.C.&R.s (conditions, covenants, and title restrictions) pertaining to their contracts pertaining to subsidizes and loan guarantees with property owners, sellers, and realtors regarding to the restrictions placed against FCC licensees. This avoidance is a constraint and impediment to emergency management ESF-2 functionally and appears to be contrary to HUD’s ESF #5 – EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT responsibilities to support ‘Continuity of Communications’ and support the EM coordination of activities under the National Response Framework (NRF). Accordingly, it is questionable if HUD can lend support to any establishment or maintance of CERT as described within Unit #6 of the CERT TRAINING MANUAL (G-317) since HUD’s very conduct permits the undermining of a common capability (emergency management interoperable communications). While in average times and operation individuals and families are being put on a ‘WAIT-LIST’ it is very questionable if HUD is able to perform the designated ESF #6 –MASS CARE, EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE, HOUSING, AND HUMAN SERVICES during a disaster. The American Red Cross and NGOs may be a best alternative for both ESF-6 and CERT.

    10 months ago
    1. Excellent key word there of avoidance having used every so called tool in the tool box available at that time but the problem was even after having gotten support from some of those Offices (Federal)I couldn't even get off first base HUD wise,still am though trying locally for second,no pun intended or here either for that fact when I might say of preventative measures CERT wise it will even reenforce the Presidents agenda for national infrastructure rebuilding but not so out there when bringing up CERT preventative measures and rebuilding in the same sentence,that's to much like telling People an good night story,they get sleepy...again no pun intended.

      10 months ago
  13. Keep It Supper Simple.

    the face is all disasters and all people have the exact same needs; food, water, warmth. All people really need is 9 cans of food like chilli and a half gallon of water to get through 3 days. Most people already have that. Everything else is a luxury. Start new preppers with the most basic food and water in a plastic grocery bag they keep in an easy to grab locations. they can add other things as they please by shopping garage sales, thrift stores and don't forget dollar stores. They can always upgrade as well. Keep It Supper Simple. Everyone can do can foods and water today for less than $10.

    10 months ago
  14. Keeping It Simple

    A lot of people already have what they need if they just look around the house. Candles, oil laps, liters. A gas barbecue for cooking. If a charcoal barbecue, then keep some extra bags of bricks on hand. Also this type of barbecue can burn wood, sticks, and cardboard. Lets not forget all that camping gear sitting in the garage. The very first thing put in every kit is imagination. Most of what is needed is already there. Heck you can through some little sticks in a soup can and make an instant stove to cook over. Don't forget rubbing alcohol burns too. I picked up 2 alcohol stoves at the thrift store for under $5. Put in denatured alcohol form the hardware store and you get quite a nice flame. Help people understand their emergency supply are all around them, it just takes a little looking, imagination and try it all out before you need it for 3 days stretch. Take a 3 day weekend and camp out in your back yard with just your supply's to see how it will really work out. Invite some neighbors and friends for added fun.

    10 months ago
  15. I've found in my nearly 30 years of this same volunteer work Brian,some of it pains takenly,that it does require some sort of facilitating and that is not the so simple part though natural it is to just do,as were your ideas. I've done the near likewise of having supplemented hunting and ice fishing equipment for my temp plastic pre-made shelter that hooks on the walls of my living room in the event of an power outage (more spacy and would think more comfortable than an pop-up tent in the living room.) In fact,it was an financial factor at the time but wished now I'd made it out of that more tear resistant plastic (quarter inch or so string of patchwork squares throughout) because it could be used in an to-go kit and strung up on trees if needed to be.

    But is simple enough to make some fun-pun out of it from lessons learned since after Super Storm Katrina and for those holed up in the Stadium whether it was by planning or by chance but it was appreciated on site there were five gallon buckets in the crowd...so as an example of prior lists to be made from from lessons learned of all the ideas that need confirmed "on the shelf" before the need.

    I'm only content with that living room plastic sheltering plan for power outages because I'm keener with the idea during the GW administration nuclear fallout shelters are out,safe rooms are in,as in plastic does not cover all the needs for sheltering but little by little the needs for them are being implemented,as another example I liked that idea that one of the recent towns lately that was hit by an bad tornado(s) in the past that they had learned their lesson from that some of that towns People had constructed an shelter underneath the concrete slab of their garages...we all deserve better than plastic but again,plastic is simple,getting the needs for better sheltering isn't so.

    10 months ago
  16. Develop simple, measurable, achievable, realistic, and task oriented (SMART) objectives.NIMS defines the preparedness cycle as “planning, training, equipping, exercising, evaluating, and taking action to correct and mitigate.” Exercises play an important role in this broad preparedness cycle.Plans, training, and equipment, and the capabilities they represent, are validated through exercises.A capability is provided with proper planning, organization, training, equipment, and exercises. The

    capability elements define the resources needed to perform the critical tasks to the specified levels of

    performance, with the recognition that there is rarely a single combination of capability elements that must be used to achieve a capability.Performance activities and tasks are the actions taken to prevent, protect against, respond to, or recover from an actual event or are demonstrated during an exercise.Performance measures are quantitative or qualitative levels against which achievement of a task or capability outcome can be assessed. They describe how much, how well, or how quickly an action should be performed and are typically expressed in ways that can be observed during an exercise or real event.

    Incentivize Preparing for Disasters not just emergencies.

    How individuals desire thing to be for themselves during and after the disaster event is both the consideration and the incentive for prepardness pertaining to Prevention,Protection, Mitigation, Response, and Recovery.An individual can prepare for an emergency, while remaining unprepared for a disaster. Accordingly, those that prepare for the disaster experience little difficulity in the emergency situation.

    Prepardness starts at home and extends to the employment site.Don't wait to be told, Don't wait for government either to mandate it or be there to cure the problem. Individuals need to know prepardness is their responsibility and they need to be self-starters.National preparedness is the shared responsibility of our whole community. Every member contributes, including individuals, communities, the private and nonprofit sectors, faith-based organizations, and Federal, State, and local governments.

    CERT training is fine but training recommendations are now based upon the level of an incident’s complexity (Complexity Guide found on pages 16-17 of the NIMS Training Program) that a person may become involved in, from Type 1 to Type 5. Individual and collective 'CAPABILITIES' must be developed to the complexity of the incident. Focus needs to be placed on Prevention,Protection,and Mitigation.

    Prevention: The capabilities necessary to avoid, prevent, or stop a threatened or actual act of terrorism. For the purposes of the prevention framework called for in PPD-8, the term “prevention” refers to preventing imminent threats.

    Protection: The capabilities necessary to secure the homeland against acts of terrorism and manmade or natural disasters.

    Mitigation: The capabilities necessary to reduce loss of life and property by lessening the impact of disasters.

    9 months ago
    1. Under the latter three (Prevention,Protection and Mitigation) for years I have been seeking someone who both cares and will do something about it literally having an deformed writing hand as its confirmation.

      Let's go to the sins of the Fathers on this one...the world is plumbed wrong. Proof:Ocean levels rising by just these five examples in the U.S.

      1.)Katrina and 2.)Sandy. In both storms ocean waters over-topped the older flood preparedness.

      In the Gulf since it has been a few years since Katrina they have rebuilt and surely built bigger and higher than the older ones by adjusting them to current records for ocean waters on the rise.

      As for New York City since Sandy I'd like to think the trouble-shooting-of-damage-control has the Mayor running around like the proverbial chicken line with its head cut off but know as an matter of fact this is not true (it's trouble-shooting-damage control is an work in progress...) but yet the threat of other over-topping persists as some of that trouble-shooting-damage-control tact is yet on paper.

      3.)Sink holes if Florida. As I understand it with ocean waters rising limestone under the general population right now is getting soaked creating a type of quicksand that obviously/eventually can not take the weight of the houses,businesses,bridges and roads above and so down they go in what's defined as an sink hole.

      4.)Florida again. Years ago it was projected with current rate of ocean waters rising that in one hundred years much of what now is the State of Florida will be under water.

      5.)I don't recall the name of the Nation but Leaders of that Island Nation have sought real estate to move their People to,have sought United Nations help and an weird way of advertizing it but it worked,Nation Leaders were filmed in scuba gear and had an desk and etc. sitting on the ocean floor off-shore their Country in advertising forward their appeal for help in this ocean waters rising matter.

      And another example of so called seek and find of someone who both cares and able to do anything about it,6.) but not of water but fire.

      Though there may be wisdom in allowing wild burns to have their way as long as that way is not human or property destructive but as for me with already an breathing issue I'd be willing to bet if oxygen level records were checked from years gone by (and such records are kept) given the ruining of Rain Forests and such that those oxygen records are lower during such a burn and shortly after has an more difficult time (noting a more difficult time) getting back to where those oxygen levels were prior to the burn.

      PS:And if those all time record highs ever do (as inside earths atmosphere our breathable oxygen level might just be depleting,and not going up at the least)and after years of such an likewise search and my breathing situation worsened during these years obviously I am concerned.

      8 months ago
  17. I think Prevention,Protection and Mitigation is where our local CERT is missing it,an interesting subject to bring up at our next meet.

    8 months ago
  18. Recognition that government at all levels cannot manage disasters alone means that communities need the opportunity to draw on their full potential to operate effectively. Empowering local action requires allowing members of the communities to lead—not follow—in identifying priorities, organizing support, implementing programs, and evaluating outcomes. The emergency manager promotes and coordinates, but does not direct, these conversations and efforts. Lasting impacts of long-term capacity building can be evident in an evolving set of civic practices and habits among leaders and the public that become embedded in the life of the community. In this regard, the issue of social capital becomes an important part of encouraging communities to own and lead their own resilience activities. Furthermore, community ownership of projects provides a powerful incentive for sustaining action and involvement.

    Mitigating disaster damage and insuring against potential flood damage are essential ingredients of ensuring that communities are resilient, sustainable, and healthy. By encouraging and supporting disaster mitigation efforts, FEMA leads the Nation in reducing the impact of disasters and helping to break the damage-rebuild-damage cycle in America’s most vulnerable communities. Hazard mitigation and floodplain management programs save money. Research has shown that every dollar invested in mitigation saves the Nation an average of $4.00.

    In FY 2011, Unified Hazard Mitigation Assistance (UHMA) programs helped local communities across the United States prepare for future disasters by providing up to $252 million in flood grant funds for mitigation activities affecting more than 1,300 properties. These measures resulted in losses avoided of approximately $502 million for flood programs.

    The challenge is to own and lead their own resilience activities and increase the formula to greater than a 1:4 ratio.

    Rather than just CERT, this needs to be a ‘WHOLE COMMUNITY’ approach with public-private-partnerships, business, VOADS, NGOs, etc.. The THREAT HAZARD IDENTIFICATION RISK ASSESSMENT (THIRA) needs to be taken off the shelf and each entity needs to ‘buy-in’ and own a portion of the program. Benefit-Cost Analysis (BCA) is the method by which the future benefits of a mitigation project are determined and compared to its costs. The Benefit-Cost Ratio is calculated by dividing the Benefits by the Costs. The BCR is a numerical expression of the "cost-effectiveness" of a project. A project is considered to be cost-effective when the BCR is 1.0 or greater. The mitigation formula may yield greater factors and results than 1 and a ratio of 1:4. Considering local government relies on tax revenue from individuals and business. Considering, risk reduction may result in lower insurance premiums and diversion to higher commerce levels and cumulative public revenue. Lack of mitigation invites higher insurance claims, higher insurance premiums, and depressed commerce after a disaster with higher unemployment, inactive business and depressed public tax revenue.

    How individuals desire thing to be for themselves during and after the disaster event is both the consideration and the incentive for preparedness pertaining to Prevention, Protection, Mitigation, Response, and Recovery. Residents need to be franchised to and vested to the outcomes of mitigation or experience the hardships and higher taxes that accompany disasters due to lower tax revenue, higher unemployment and higher public bonded endebtness.

    8 months ago
  19. Concern is fine. Other than writing the EPA and NOAA concerning 'GLOBOL-WARMING', would it be possible to insert a proposed solution on this subject?

    8 months ago
  20. As for me regarding the repair after Sandy am awaiting an answer for an "snailed" proposal sent to NYC water Dept. (actually addressed to the Mayors attention)so tick-tock on that.

    8 months ago
  21. More funding to the local level needs to happen for preparedness programs, including CERT and many other initiatives. Each location is different and has different needs and folks have different attitudes. Even have different media markets makes a big difference depending on where you are located. If you have the backing of the media and this is important to them, they will support you the best you can, but if you don't have an active supporting media market, then it will be harder. Poverty level plays a big part as well. Point blank...more money needs to be allocated to disaster preparedness as a whole to the local governments, otherwise disaster response will have to continue to fork out even more since our communities aren't prepared.

    8 months ago
  22. "We want to explore ways to get people to overcome their procrastination". FEMA’s mission is to support our citizens and first responders to ensure that as a nation we work together to build, sustain and improve our capability to prepare for, protect against, respond to, recover from and mitigate all hazards. Hence, FEMA is not the First-Responder nor singular provider to all. The difference is assistance contrasted to permanent dependence. Communities should be moving toward self dependence rather than external dependence. 'Whole Community' exemplifies this concept: "National preparedness is the shared responsibility of our whole community. Every member contributes, including individuals, communities, the private and nonprofit sectors, faith-based organizations, and Federal, State, and local governments". Suggested is that FEMA has rendered substantial assistance over the past years for preparedness and organizations should be able to satisfy FY-2008 and FY-2009 Objectives and Implementation items of, ‘Use existing resources such as programs, personnel and training facilities to coordinate and deliver NIMS training requirements', today to develop within such organizations. This is assuming past funds were used for the purposes of intended of those grants. Today, agreements should be in place that allow reciprocal treatments between adjacent organizations in terms of Planning, training, equipping, exercising, evaluating, and taking action to correct and mitigate. It is suggested that the 'WHOLE COMMUNITY's' focus should be on prevention, protection, mitigation, response, and recovery not dwelling on FEMA funding. Coupling public-private-partnerships, volunteer and NGO service to agreements to include neighboring jurisdictions that FEMA funding can be reduced and community capabilities can be enhanced.

    It is not about ‘POVERTY-COMMUNITY’ the amount of monetary funds received but all about how the funding is used relating to Planning, training, equipping, exercising, evaluating, and taking action to correct and mitigate. It is all about establishing agreements and including community participation into the solution.

    8 months ago
    1. Going to the exploring from procrastinating ways after my 41 years of work put into it writing's on the wall and what isn't should be able to explain.

      7 months ago