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Emergency Management, Healthcare and Public Health »

NIMS and National Pandemic Strategies

This is another opportunity to enhance the synchronization between NIMS and the more dated but current national pandemic strategies and plans to include the National Strategy for Pandemic Influenza (2005),1 National Strategy for Pandemic Influenza - Implementation Plan (2006) 2 and HHS Pandemic Influenza Plan (2005)3. The importance of cooperation, coordination and collaboration in planning and preparing for a pandemic threat is not always appreciated due to the low probability\high consequence nature of the threat.4 This challenge requires an all-hazards and whole-of-community mindset with multi-faceted planning and preparedness that shares resources and a common operating picture. These are important words and concepts to discuss, but we must also address the threat for the consequences can be significant at best and catastrophic at worst.

Submitted by in Aug 2013

Comments (4)

  1. Community Member has this participant's vote. The agreement resides in a combination of A Whole Community Approach to Emergency Management: Principles, Themes, and Pathways for Action and Continuity Of Operations Planning.
    in Aug 2013
  2. AGREEMENT: This challenge requires an all-hazards and whole-of-community mindset with multi-faceted planning and preparedness that shares resources and a common operating picture.

    COMMENT: COMMENT: This participant would like to congratulate community for this well thought out posting. Focus must be directed to the two 'CORE' issues of 'HUMAN CAPITAL' and ‘Accomplishment OF MISSION’. Continuity planning is a fundamental responsibility of public institutions and private entities to our nation’s citizens. National preparedness is the shared responsibility of our whole community. Every member contributes, including individuals, communities, the private and nonprofit sectors, faith-based organizations, and Federal, State, and local governments.NIMS defines the preparedness cycle as “planning, training, equipping, exercising, evaluating, and taking action to correct and mitigate.” The goal of continuity planning is to reduce the consequence of any disruptive event to a manageable level. To meet the operational requirements of the respective organization. Continuity plans may need to be operational within minutes of activation, depending on the essential function or service. Many government continuity plans are dependent upon private sector resources, especially in the area of critical infrastructure and key resources (CI/KR) support. To this extent, communities at large can no longer afford to reduce first responder strength without balancing organizational strength by increases in affiliated volunteer, public-private-partnership, NGO, and individual/public participation growth and bolstering the strength of agreements to accomplish the balanced organizational needs. Community Member correctly directs application to 'NATIONAL POLICY' (National Security Presidential Directive (NSPD)-51/Homeland Security Presidential Directive (HSPD)-20, National Continuity Policy).Continuity requirements must be incorporated into the daily operations of all agencies to ensure seamless and immediate continuation of Mission Essential Function (MEF)/Primary Mission Essential Function (PMEF) capabilities so that critical government functions and services remain available to the Nation’s citizens.

    SUGGESTION: Upon examination of the EMPG grant, four objectives become apparent.

    1) Approved Emergency Plans: Plans should include beyond that required of FEMA and States to incorporate and specifically address methods, practices, and policies pertaining to pandemic influenza, Human Capital, and strength balances of emergency management.(For the purposes of the NIMS Training Program, the term “emergency management” refers to all system/processes utilized to effectively manage incidents and events.).

    2) Completion of Threat and Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment (THIRA): Every community has an obligation to understand the risks it faces. Acknowledging implications of pandemic influenza application of COG and COOP step 4 of the THIRA procedure should address 'CAPABILITIES' specifically to avoid loss of Continuity of Communications (COOP ANNEX-H), Human Capital, and inclusion of RACES/AUXCOM as a communications unit composed of 'QUALIFIED' NIMS/ICS position specific personnel (Personnel Qualifications is a term used to denote incidents that require responders to hold credentials under the National Credentialing Program). As noted within 'A FAILURE OF INITIATIVE Final Report of the Select Bipartisan Committee to Investigate the Preparation for and Response to Hurricane Katrina' loss of communications results in massive communications damage and a failure to adequately plan for alternatives impaired response efforts, command and control, and situational awareness. Massive inoperability had the biggest effect on communications, limiting command and control, situational awareness, and federal, state, and local officials’ ability to address unsubstantiated and inaccurate media reports. The greatest impact, coupled with desired outcomes, sets the target for each capability. The final step involves applying THIRA results to manage risk, including identification of mitigation opportunities and supporting preparedness activities (NIMS defines the preparedness cycle as “planning, training, equipping, exercising, evaluating, and taking action to correct and mitigate.”).Under Whole Community accommodation should be incorporated to support redundancy of Continuity Communications by RACES/AUXCOM personnel trained and qualified, at least 3 deep, if not 5 to 7 deep, to support and provide communications local, regional, state, national, and international.

    3) Develop and Maintain Multi-Year TEPs: The Multi-Year TEP provides a roadmap to accomplish the priorities described in the Homeland Security Strategy. COOP training and exercises should be inclusive in TEPs for all included within 'WHOLE COMMUNITY' utilization. Functional (FE) as well as Full Scale Exercises (FSE) should include an alternate facilities activitation component. Exercise Determined Accord should be included within the required exercise completions with or without a FEMA mandated requirement.

    4) Target Training and Verify Capability of Personnel: Training is to be ongoing and progressive in complexity beyond NIMS Training: IS 100; IS 200; IS 700; and IS 800; FEMA Professional Development Series: IS 120; IS 230; IS 235; IS 240; IS 241; IS 242; and IS 244. Noting training recommendations are now based upon the level of an incident’s complexity (Complexity Guide found on pages 16-17 of the NIMS Training Program) that a person may become involved in, from Type 1 to Type 5. Organizations should consider the complexity of incidents that their jurisdictions are most likely to face and tailor the NIMS training for their personnel to meet those needs. Further, noting COOP, implications of pandemic influenza, and national policy, progressive training should be delivered in E/L-156 IS-520, IS-522, IS-546,IS-547,IS-548-E/L-548, E/L-550, and IS-551.

    Community Member raises a real serious issue with pandemic influenza that needs to be immediately addressed regarding loss and/or severe reduction of HUMAN CAPITAL and avoiding inability to accomplish mission objectives. Plans, training, and equipment, and the capabilities they represent, are validated through exercises. In regard to pandemic influenza effecting COOP devolution counter measures need to be validated through conduct of Functional and Full-SCALE-EXERCISES and measured by the criteria of the Continuity Assistance Tool (CAT).
    in Aug 2013
  3. A critical element of pandemic planning is ensuring that people and entities not accustomed to responding to health crises understand the actions and priorities required to prepare for and respond to a pandemic. Those groups include political leadership at all levels of government, non-health components of government and members of the private sector. Essential planning also includes the coordination of efforts between human and animal health authorities.
    in Aug 2013

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