I agree to Idea Planning Guidance, Not Plans Guidance
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I disagree to Idea Planning Guidance, Not Plans Guidance


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Taking Action: Creating Model Emergency Management Plans for Schools, Institutions of Higher Education and Houses of Worship »

Planning Guidance, Not Plans Guidance

Model plans negate the real benefit of a planning process - the socialization, mutual learning and role acceptance that is gained when people come together to develop a plan for their organization. That phrase is taken from FEMA's CPG 101 v. 2, which is already an excellent document to help jurisdictions create plans. Perhaps it could be adapted to a lighter version suitable for the schools/IHEs/houses of worship audience. At most, a model outline (which is already in CPG 101 v 2) is useful to help jumpstart work, or maybe a repository where organizations can share their finished plans to provide inspiration, but I'm strongly against creating "model plans" that end up being boilerplate templates that short-circuit the planning process.

Submitted by in Mar 2013

Comments (3)

  1. A model plan is and should be a generic check list and out line. It is not so much a plan as a point by point for those not experience in making the plan to develop the plan.
    If it is the intention for the FEMA to dictate to public education facilities and local PDs a specific means of entry and evac, it will fail. School design, climes, and available resources all affect the final plan. Most all involved in such planning know this and will simply need a guide to get the plan made, distributed and practiced so it will work when it is needed.
    in Mar 2013
  2. Perhaps it could be adapted to a lighter version suitable for the schools/IHEs/houses of worship audience. At most, a model outline (which is already in CPG 101 v 2) is useful to help jumpstart work ?
    COMMENT: This would defeat the whole purpose and objective of the plan. The posting leads another to believe that a school is not confronted with the same hazards and risks
    that are present within the city geography surrounding that school. It is interesting that an individual allegedly from an educational organization would complain about a 'HEAVY-DUTY' document. NIMS represents a core set of doctrines, concepts, principles, terminology, and organizational processes that enables effective, efficient, and collaborative incident management. Incidents typically begin and end locally, and are managed on a daily basis at the lowest possible geographical, organizational, and jurisdictional level. A basic premise of both NIMS and the NRF is that incidents typically be managed at the local level first. In the vast majority of incidents, local resources and local mutual aid agreements and assistance agreements will provide the first line of emergency management and incident response. The responsibility for responding to incidents, both natural and manmade, begins at the local level – with individuals and public officials in the county, city, or town affected by the incident. Local leaders and emergency managers prepare their communities to manage incidents locally. The Framework’s response doctrine plays a key role in helping community leaders to coordinate resources within jurisdictions, among adjacent jurisdictions, and with the private sector and NGOs such as the American Red Cross. This section describes the roles and responsibilities of key leadership elements within communities.
    Let us attempt to use;
    Comprehensive Preparedness Guide 101,
    Comprehensive Preparedness Guide (CPG) 502,
    Comprehensive Preparedness Guide (CPG) 201,
    A Whole Community Approach to Emergency Management:
    Principles, Themes, and Pathways for Action FDOC 104-008-1 / December 2011,National Preparedness Goal
    First Edition September 2011,
    National Preparedness System November 2011,
    Homeland Security Exercise and Evaluation Program (HSEEP). Also rolls and responsibilities are covered in
    National Incident Management System 2008 and
    National Response Framework 2008.
    in Mar 2013
  3. That would be nice. An EOP is a prepardness document. It is meant to be read, understood, and exercised. Comprehensive planning systems involve both deliberative planning and incident action planning. Deliberative planning is the process of developing strategic and operational plans based upon facts or assumptions about the circumstances involved in a hypothetical situation; in other words, they are created in advance of events. In incident action planning, leaders adapt existing deliberative plans during an incident or when they recognize that a specific event is about to occur. Planners know that both deliberative and incident action planning are critical to developing a robust planning capability within and among all stakeholders (including nongovernmental organizations [NGOs]).
    in Mar 2013

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