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Topic 2: Understanding and Communicating Risk Exposure and Costs »

TEACH YOUTH PREPAREDNESS THROUGH EXAMINING HISTORIC DISASTERS

HISTORIC CASE BASED LEARNING OBJECTIVES: CONSEQUENCES OF NOT BEING PREPARED, LEARN THE IMPORTANCE OF PLANNING, KITS, PREPARATION, WARNING SIGNS, AND COMPLYING WITH PROTOCOL.

BACKGROUND: From a position of hindsight we can all learn by examining historic disasters, then, attempt to uncover mistakes, followed by an attempt to address (ways and means) to be better prepared in future incidences.

PURPOSE: Rather than leave the past behind, we learn from mistakes made, leverage unfortunate past incidences as teaching points, such that, the reader will be confronted by the seriousness of being prepared, understand the consequences of not being prepared, gain insight into the importance of learning and adopting basic methods and tactics that will enhance their outcome in future incidences.

METHODOLOGY: Much like the approach of recent commercials devised for the anti-tobacco campaign (which pointed to the harsh realities and consequence of cancer), this thread will point to a past disaster and the consequences of not being prepared and/or complying with authorities. A select (simplified) case study is exemplified whereby a disaster occurred that might have been handled better by the local community (and/or damages and human losses limited) if the victims were properly versed in basic topics of Preparedness (and/or complied with local authorities). Demonstrate that individuals who do not learn, plan, practice, and utilize “National Preparedness” information are (being naïve and/or maladaptive). This topic exemplifies some basic ways preparedness can save lives and/or property.

Submitted by 7 months ago

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  1. Aaron Littlefield Idea Submitter

    "IDEA CREATOR" COMMENTS POSTED FOR THIS THREAD:

    ******ANCIENT POMPEII EXAMPLE******

    PURPOSE: THIS IS AN EXAMPLE APPLICATION OF A HISTORIC EVENT (TO TEACH KIDS THE IMPORTANCE OF PREPAREDNESS THROUGH HISTORIC DISASTERS)

    NOTE: I Apologize, many of the website links within this comment below have become disconnected due to the Idea Scale website formatting...you can obtain the functioning links (as you wish) within the FULL (ANCIENT POMPII) ARTICLE LOCATED AT:

    http://community.fema.gov/connect.ti/readynpm/messageshowthread?threadid=42734

    DISCLAIMER: I am definitely not the first person to use past historic events to teach children or adults. "Parables" have been around since biblical times! Therefore, this thread brings awareness to individuals who wish to attempt this method of teaching. (The Pompeii example is my Idea, but using Parables is an old technique)

    TOPIC QUESTION: IS IGNORANCE BLISS OR BLUNDER?

    Once this example historic case has been articulated, I would like to invite the reader to share their own story (IDEA) of a historic event demonstrating how “lack of preparedness” can lead to a worse outcome than being prepared, and briefly discuss how they could prepare next time.

    TEST ENVIRONMENT: I TESTED THIS POMPEII CASE BASED LEARNING RECENTLY AT A LOCAL ELEMENTARY SCHOOL WITH GREAT SUCCESS!

    KEY TO SUCCESS: (MODALITIES), SOUNDS AND SEVERAL VISUALS MUST BE USED TO GRAB THE CLASS'S ATTENTION=> THIS GETS THEM THINKING ABOUT THE DANGERS & TRAGEDY OF PAST EVENTS.

    WARNING: This post will discuss some harsh realities, but is not graphic, and will not exploit or expose anyone or group.

    REFERENCED FOR AWARENESS PURPOSES:

    PICTURES: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pompeii

    A PARTIAL LIST OF CERT CAPABILITIES DURING SELECT EVENTS REQUIRING EVACUATION AND CLEAN-UP WAS INCLUDED BELOW.

    CBL CASE STUDY: THE ANCIENT CITY OF POMPEII

    (ANTIENT ROME 79AD)

    THE EXAMPLE INCIDENT: The city-village of Pompeii (Population 20,000) was buried in 13-20 feet of ash over a 3 month period due to the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79AD. In ancient times, Pompeii was located 5 miles from the active volcano.

    HARBINGERS AND WARNING SIGNS: Recent Local Core Samples suggest that there were previous earthquakes and volcanic events observed by Pompeii residents (over a period of 800 years) prior to the main volcanic event (including a magnitude 6 earthquake in 62 AD). Scientists estimate that citizens not only observed landslides and other seismic related events but (preserved Roman records) suggest that they received warnings by authorities that the volcano was becoming more active and orders to evacuate the city, (yet the criticizes of Pompeii did not move to a safer area).

    LIST OF MISTAKES MADE:

    MISTAKE#1: Residence failure to move farther from Mount Vesuvius when warned.

    MISTAKE#2: Residence failure to evacuate when warned of impending disaster in 79AD.

    MISTAKE#3: In prior earthquakes, citizens failed to secure their lanterns, and during the earthquake of AD62 this lead to large fires and devastation.

    MISTAKE#4: Failure to adequately plan and prepare for local endemic disaster.

    CONSEQUENCES OF NOT BEING PREPARED:

    1. The estimated death toll was (HALF OF THE POPULATION).

    2. Other records suggest that there were 11th-hour rescue attempts via ships, however, THE ROMAN RESCUE PERSONNEL WERE OVERWHELMED, and could not save everyone.

    3. Large fires occurred as well due to “not securing fires” during prior events.

    COURSE CORRECTIONS:

    Although 300 individuals in the most adjacent village to the volcano (Herculaneum) died in the first 6 hours of eruption and probably couldn’t have done much other than move when warned, WHAT COULD THE OTHER 19,700 POMPEII RESIDENCE HAVE DONE DIFFERENTLY IF THEY COULD GO BACK IN TIME? (Course Corrections)

    1. PREPARE THE COMMUNITY AND HOMES TO BE RESILIENT: i.e. be at a safe distance from the volcano, and homes could be more fire & earthquake resistant.

    2. Have a disaster PLAN with a pre-defined meeting point identified by family members.

    3. Have a disaster KIT.

    4. REACT SAFELY: i.e. Comply with warnings and relocate when authorities issue orders.

    5. SECURE HOME CONTENTS: i.e. Exercise fire safety during earthquakes.

    6. KEEP RESERVE SUPPLIES: i.e. bag, clothing, food, water.

    7. EVACUATION PLAN: i.e. know how to evacuate effectively.

    8. CARE FOR OTHERS: i.e. help anyone you safely can.

    9. OPTIMIZE, ADAPT, AND EVOLVE PLANS BASED ON OUTCOMES OF PRIOR DISASTERS & LESSONS LEARNED.

    FINAL IMPRESSIONS:

    If the ancient people of Pompeii had access to our modern Preparedness knowledge, and utilized it together with the 9 “course corrections” mentioned above, I believe they could have preserved more life and property during and after the volcanic eruption.

    IN MODERN TIMES THE READER CAN DO THE FOLLOWING:

    (MODERN PLANS AND EVACUATION EXAMPLES)

    MODERN ANALOGY-1 (WATER): i.e. Emergency services states that Hurricane surge water will cause dangerous conditions in a given area of e.g. Florida and residence must evacuate, here is a plan… REF: http://www.fema.gov/region-iii-mitigation-division/national-hurricane-program

    MODERN ANALOGY-2 (FIRE): i.e. Emergency services states that a local Fire is moving towards your area and you must evacuate see…

    REF: http://www.usfa.fema.gov/pdf/efop/efo34686.pdf

    REF: http://www.usfa.fema.gov/pdf/efop/efo37428.pdf

    Or, i.e. Your home is surrounded by fire see USAF Plan…

    REF: http://www.usfa.fema.gov/citizens/home_fire_prev/escape/

    Or, Securing fires in the home and business environment see OSHA fire safety references

    REF: https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/firesafety/index.html

    MODERN ANALOGY-3 (EARTHQUAKE): Earthquake preparedness information (BEFORE, DURING, AND AFTER) see…

    REF: http://www.fema.gov/earthquake/earthquake-safety-home

    MODERN ANALOGY-4 (VOLCANO ERUPTION): Volcano preparedness information see…

    REF: http://www.usfa.fema.gov/pdf/efop/efo38355.pdf

    *****************************************

    OTHER REFERENCES/RESOURCES:

    (RESILENCE CAPABILITY VIEWPOINTS-15&17)

    (FILTER CRITERIA = EVACUATION PARAMETER WITH RECOVERY)

    =>15SUB-CATEGORY-1 How can CERT be useful in a Floods or Water Safety scenario (linked to Preparedness resources for Floods safety and recovery) also see:

    +TRAINING RESOURCE: Flood Response for CERTs

    +CERT IN ACTION: New Jersey CERTs Help Area Cope with Flooding

    +CERT IN ACTION: North Dakota CERTs Provide Assistance During Flood

    +CERT IN ACTION: Frankfort/Franklin County, Ky. CERT Gets Muddy Assignment

    +CERT IN ACTION: Naperville, IL CERT Responds to Flooding

    +CERT IN ACTION: Morgan County, IN CERT Assists in Flood Response

    +CERT IN ACTION: CERT Helps in Branson, MO Flash Floods

    +ARC WEBSITE: http://www.redcross.org/prepare/disaster/water-safety

    15SUB-CATEGORY-4 How can CERT be useful in Hurricanes or Tsunami scenario (linked to Preparedness resources for Hurricanes including safety tips, training guides, and recovery information) also see

    +CERT IN ACTION: Astoria, Oregon CERT Activated to Prepare for Tsunami

    +CERT IN ACTION: Monterey, California CERT Clears Beaches During Tsunami Threat

    +CERT IN ACTION: Lee County, FL CERT Goes Above and Beyond

    +CERT IN ACTION: DeBary, FL Volunteers Help Residents Weather Fay

    +HURRICANE RESOURCE: http://www2.ed.gov/hurricane/index.html

    =>15SUB-CATEGORY-5 How can CERT be useful in an Earthquakes or volcano scenario (linked to Preparedness resources for Earthquake awareness and safety) see what to do during an earthquake info:

    +VIDEO RESOURCE:

    +RESOURCE:http://www.cert-la.com/education/AreYouReadyForAnEarthquake.pdf

    =>15SUB-CATEGORY-6 How can CERT be useful in a wild fire / FOREST FIRE scenario see link

    +TRAINING RESOURCE: CERT Firefighter Rehab

    +CERT IN ACTION: Brooktrails, CA Wildfire Activation

    +CERT IN ACTION: Spartanburg, S.C., CERT Provides Support During Brush Fire

    +ICS FORMS WEBSITE: http://www.fs.fed.us/fire/planning/nist/ics_forms.htm

    =>15SUB-CATEGORY-7 How can CERT be useful in a Landslide scenario see links:

    +CERT IN ACTION: Hidden Village, Utah CERT Responds to Canyon Road Landslide

    =>15SUB-CATEGORY-8 CERT Emergency Communications Resources, HAM Radio, working at information booths, and handing out Preparedness plans for individual and community awareness.

    +TRAINING RESOURCE: CERT Emergency Communications

    +LAW ENFORCEMENT RESOURCE: https://www.bja.gov/Publications/PERF_Emer_Comm.pdf

    +HAM RADIO TRAINING: http://www.arrl.org/licensing-education-training

    CAPABILITY VIEWPOINT-17: PUBLIC WORKS (AFTER THE DISASTER)

    =>17SUB-CATEGORY-1 Examine CERT’s usefulness to clean-up and put a community back together after a disaster. Specifically, it is important to protect human life & the environment, remove hazards, debris management, and conduct damage assessments. CERT could be used to restore roads, structures, communications systems, utilities, water, food, supplies, fuel, and more e.g. CERT could be harnessed to assess and fix east cost boardwalk damage, or assist with oil-spill clean-up. See links below:

    +CERT IN ACTION: Escambia County, Fla. CERT Tackles Beach Cleanup

    =>17SUB-CATEGORY-2 Utilize CERT for debris removal and restoration of roadways and structures

    +CERT IN ACTION: Frankfort/Franklin County, Ky. CERT Gets Muddy Assignment

    **********THE END**********

    7 months ago

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