Communities can come together and create COADs (Community Organizations Active in Disasters). This is a replicable program that involves no federal support. What it takes is motivation and a little work.
Since character limits restrict my ability to give a thorough understanding of my meaning I would direct you to these links for examples of COADs from all over the United States.
Regardless of the size of your jurisdiction, a few motivated people from the business, non profit and government sectors, can make a difference. Borrow ideas from other jurisdictions of similar size and demographics. Decide what your goals are. You can make a difference in your communities without external aid. Create a COAD or convert a long term recovery organization into a COAD. Bring in emergency management, and be a leader in your community.