Disaster Resilience Indicators

FEMA’s new 2014-2018 Strategic Plan provides a road map for FEMA’s emergency management mission delivery over the next 4 years. The Plan calls for a strategy to build a risk and threat exposure baseline model with indicators to measure community-level and national performance in hazard risk reduction (see Strategy 4.1.2). FEMA’s Federal Insurance and Mitigation Administration (FIMA) is leading the development of Priority 4 of the Strategic Plan –Enabling Disaster Risk Reduction Nationally. This priority encapsulates FEMA’s mission with respect to disaster risk reduction, climate change adaptation and community disaster resiliency and sustainability. FEMA is conducting stakeholder engagement as part of the Strategic Plan Priority 4 development process.

This strategy also draws upon the National Academy’s Disaster Resilience: A National Imperative (2012) which outlines the current state of knowledge about resilience to disasters in the United States along with the types of data and tools needed to support decision-making with respect to increasing resilience. “Resilience” is a term used in emergency management to describe the capacity of people, organizations or systems to adapt to changing conditions and withstand and rapidly recover from disruption due to emergencies. FEMA will work with the whole community – which is a critical part of the emergency management team – to identify key, nationally-applicable indicators of physical, economic, environmental and social resilience against disasters and threats, including climate change. FEMA will use these indicators of disaster resilience at a community-level to provide an overall picture of the resilience of the nation in preparing for, responding to, and mitigating against disasters.

Strategy 4.1.2 is broken down into the following topical areas for public comment.

  • Organizations that have developed or are currently developing resilience indicators or resilience indexing methods and/or tools
  • Literature or articles after 2012 (post-National Academy Report) that define, discuss or recommend approaches to measuring physical, social, economic and/or environmental resilience at community, regional or national scales
  • Literature or articles after 2012 that define leading indicators of resilience that are generally applicable at the community level
  • Approaches to quantifying (indexing) indicators so that they can be measured and compared (scoring or indexing)
  • National performance metrics related to disaster resilience or related topics such as sustainability
  • Key hazard vulnerability and threat data sets that FEMA and partners can make more readily available for whole community use
  • Technology supporting indicators and quantification or indexing approaches
  • Community resilience self-assessment approaches
  • Communities’ current level of awareness of – and use of – resilience indicators – to drive community decisions and investments

Please help us shape FEMA’s resilience index project by providing your thoughts, ideas or suggestions for strategic goals and objectives related to each topic listed above that could improve the national approach to community disaster resiliency and climate change adaptation.

Resources

Disaster Resilience Indicators

Active Alert App

This cell phone app would alert authorities of an Active Shooter with One Click, and include; Name of Sender (verified), location, etc. The App would immediately silence (sound and vibration) of senders phone and keep line open. There would be no need to speak to 911 operators to determine type of emergency, etc. To have the app, the individual would have to apply to DHS or police force with Name, Address, Driver's ...more »

Submitted by (@eanderson)

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Disaster Resilience Indicators

US Power grid needs Massive overhaul for Cyber Attack

Ted Koppel has just put out a book detailing a frightening scenario if the US power grid was compromised due to a cyber attack...and well, it would cripple our infrastructure for months or years. http://www.salon.com/2015/10/27/ted_koppel_exposes_the_biggest_threat_to_national_security_you_havent_heard_about_the_government_has_no_plan/ The worst part, according to his interviews with key officials, is that the Federal ...more »

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Disaster Resilience Indicators

Whole Community Success Story

Perhaps a perspective on a positive experience will spark some ideas.. Over the past 18 months we've been working harder than ever to build relationships with local churches and civic groups in hopes to recruit new entities into the disaster relief/recovery world. After less than desirable response to a letter that went to every church in the county, in the wake of last year's ice storm, they started coming out of the ...more »

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Disaster Resilience Indicators

In Preparation for the Unlikely Event of Biological Warfare

In preparation for the unlikely event of biological warfare, organizations should make sure that there are stockpiles of vaccines and treatments for illnesses and diseases. -- Brandon

Submitted by (@brandonchristian)

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Disaster Resilience Indicators

Emergency Relief, Railroad

I used to work for Amtrak a while ago,at Bear Deleware facility I noticed several old railcars sitting in the back yard. Many cars were passenger, some sleepers, some food service, and whatever else they used. Fixing up these cars into a train would not take much and can easily be rolled into a disaster area. Units could be parked all over the USA. Just a thought. PKing.

Submitted by (@paulkingjr5464)

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Disaster Resilience Indicators

Mitigating hurricane losses while saving/ generating clean energ

A LEED rated composite as roofing was evaluated by the Hurricane Testing Laboratory who concluded that no critera exsits for testing. The toughest building code body in America sees this development as "Revolutionizing construction". Florida's current administration opposes all developments that save energy. The state ranks #1 in killing green jobs/businesses based on its abundant sunshine. The composite has thermai ...more »

Submitted by (@feuchs)

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Disaster Resilience Indicators

Infrastructure Indicators for Emergency Planning

• Percent of housing units that are not mobile homes • Number of housing units • Number of vacant housing units • Number of hospital beds per 10,000 population • Number of ambulances • Number of fire stations • Number of hotels/motels per square mile • Number of public schools per square mile • Number of community centers • Number of community food service facilities • Number of temporary shelters • Number of licensed ...more »

Submitted by (@rajendra.rathod)

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Disaster Resilience Indicators

Institutional Indicators for Emergency Planning

• Percent of housing units covered by NFIP policies • Percent of municipal expenditures for fire, police, and EMS • Emergency Response Strategy at State, County, and Local levels • Number of fire fighters and police officers • Number of physicians per 10,000 population • Blood banks and capacity per 10,000 population • Number of health care workers • Number of building inspectors • Number of highway, street, and bridge ...more »

Submitted by (@rajendra.rathod)

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Disaster Resilience Indicators

Economic Indicators for Emergency Planning

• Per capita income

• Percent of homeownership population

• Percent of employed population

• Percent of health insurance population

• Emergency Management Funding

Submitted by (@rajendra.rathod)

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Disaster Resilience Indicators

Social Indicators for Emergency Planning

• Percent of non-elderly population

• Percent of population covered by comprehensive plan

• Percent of population covered by zoning regulations

• Percent of population covered by building codes

• Number of community and social care workers

• First Responder programs

• National Guard contingency programs

Submitted by (@rajendra.rathod)

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Disaster Resilience Indicators

We can contain ebola

We Americans can contain Ebola; after all, we were the first in flight, developed the vaccine, put a man on the moon, and developed the Internet, when we all work together! One idea can build upon another and more ideas can build on these two new concepts and on and on it goes. Just like how we Americans developed inventions as listed, we can stop this deadly disease. Fortunately we have this Internet where we can share ...more »

Submitted by (@davidbthelen)

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Disaster Resilience Indicators

Consider multiple layers of protection and facebook accounts.

In the IT world, they place more than one layer of protection to prevent cyber attacks. Can they place more than one layer of protection around schools? I recently helped my daughter move into a dorm, and they gave her a key card to get into the building. Though a student was waiting at this doorway to enter the building at the same my daughter would enter. Not safe, though innocent. Can they place a secondary fence ...more »

Submitted by (@davidbthelen)

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