Lifelines

Topic 10: Lifelines

Lifelines are critical interdependent systems that enable continuous operation of government functions and critical business and are essential to human health and safety or economic security. FEMA's lifelines help prioritize and focus response efforts that maintain or stabilize critical services and infrastructure and promote a better integrated and more coordinated response. The seven lifelines are:

  1. Safety and Security
  2. Food, Water, Sheltering
  3. Health and Medical
  4. Energy (Power & Fuel)
  5. Communications
  6. Transportation
  7. Hazardous Material

(For more information on lifelines, visit: www.fema.gov/media-library/assets/documents/177222.)

How can FEMA best incorporate lifelines into BRIC?

FEMA seeks your opinions on:

  • What lifelines (if any) your community considers during the mitigation planning process
  • What steps communities can take to mitigate risks to lifelines
  • What resources or support FEMA can provide that would improve the resilience of lifelines in your communities
(@jaleesa.tate)

Lifelines

Include Mitigation Stakeholders In Outreach

During the hazard mitigation planning process cross sector collaboration is encouraged and stressed in order to ensure stakeholders from all community lifelines are integrated into the plan to reduce risk. Currently, the focus on community lifelines has been within the operations phases of emergency management. FEMA must begin to incorporate community lifelines education to mitigation stakeholders. At a minimum FEMA... more »

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Lifelines

Prioritizing community infrastructure

The American Flood Coalition supports funding for adaptation and resilience measures for community infrastructure, which aligns with FEMA's goals of incorporating the concept of community lifelines into the framework for the BRIC program. Community infrastructure can include transportation networks, hospitals, emergency response centers, water and wastewater facilities, and telecommunications and utility infrastructure.... more »

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(@k.ph.d1)

Lifelines

Consistency with existing policy

The Water Sector Coordinating Council (WSCC) recommended that water and wastewater sector "should be a reported as an independent Community Lifeline category, consistent with the NIPP in manner comparable to Energy, Communications & Transportation" in a memo to Rob Glenn and Josh Dozor on 05/17/2019. The water sector is fundamental for sustaining and protecting communities in various aspects ranging from public health... more »

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Lifelines

Regional Approach to Lifelines

FEMA can best incorporate Lifelines into BRIC by taking a more regional approach to the mitigation plan process as infrastructure stretches across multiple lifelines and physical boundaries.

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Lifelines

Community lifelines should include subsistence camps and cultural sites

The BRIC program proposes to use "lifelines" to prioritize critical infrastructure in communities. The definition of lifeline should include subsistence camps and cultural sites, which are essential for food security and community health. In some of Alaska's most threatened communities, subsistence foods make up over 80 percent of the local diet. For example, in the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta region, approximately 350 pounds... more »

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Lifelines

Implementing Community Lifelines into Planning Products

I suggest adding a lifeline for Operational Coordination to the overall Lifeline structure. The current system does not capture the coordination between Private Sector and Public, resource distribution, legal requirements and waivers. An Operational Coordination Lifeline might help to capture this information as well as the coordination needed between the lifelines and their interdependencies on each other.

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(@dhiebert)

Lifelines

Lifeline Infrastructure plus Organization are Key to Resilience

To best facilitate community recovery, investments in mitigation should target the preconditions for disaster recovery - the four lifeline infrastructure sectors (power, water/wastewater, transportation, communications) as well as key government facilities necessary for post-disaster organization. These five sectors are necessary to establish a resilient foundation on which future recovery can be secured.

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